SOAP – What is It, and How do I Use It In My Creative Writing?

creative writing

Creative writing is a great way to express yourself. It can be in the form of a story, poem, or song. Using imagery is one of the most important things to make your work stand out. Imagery is when you use words to create pictures in your reader’s mind. This can help them feel what you’re feeling or see what you’re seeing.

A helpful way to remember different ways of using imagery in creative writing is by using the acronym SOAP.

Let’s start by going over what SOAP stands for in creative writing.

S stands for Similes and Metaphors.

O stands for Onomatopoeia.

A stands for Alliteration.

P stands for Personification.

In this guide, we will go over what each writing technique means, including examples to show you how you can use them in your creative writing.


Similes and Metaphors

Similes and metaphors are two types of figurative language. A simile is a figure of speech that uses the words “like” or “as” to compare two things that are not alike. For example, you might say, “My backpack is as heavy as a brick.”

A metaphor is a figure of speech that uses one word or phrase to represent another word or concept. For example, you might say, “The sky is a blanket of stars.”

Using similes and metaphors can add interest and variety to your writing. They can also help readers visualise what you are trying to describe skillfully. If you want to use a simile or metaphor in your writing, try to be creative and original. Consider what you are trying to communicate, and choose an image to help your readers understand your meaning.


Onomatopoeia is using words that sound like the thing they are describing. For example, “sizzle” sounds like something sizzling on a hot skillet. “Bark” sounds like a dog barking. “Caw” sounds like a crow cawing. Onomatopoeia can be used to make writing more interesting and fun to read.

It can also help create a mood or atmosphere in writing. For example, if you wanted to create a scary scene, you might use onomatopoeia words like “creep,” “crawl,” or “scuttle.” If you were writing a humorous story, you might use onomatopoeia words like “chatter,” “giggle,” or “mutter.”


Alliteration is the repetition of initial sounds in a group of words. For example, “She sells seashells by the seashore.” It is often used in children’s poetry and nursery rhymes because it is easy to remember and creates a musical effect. Alliteration can also be used to create an atmosphere or to emphasise specific words. For example, if you wanted to create a spooky atmosphere, you might use alliteration to describe a “creeping, crawly creature” or a “dark, dank dungeon.” To emphasise important words, you might use alliteration to describe a “giant green grape” or a “loud, obnoxious noise.”


Personification is when you give human attributes to non-human things. For example, you might say, “The wind was howling for hours this morning.” By offering human characteristics to the wind, you are using personification. Personification is a tool that you can use to make your writing more exciting and engaging. It can also help to create a sense of mood or atmosphere.

If you want to try using personification in your writing, consider what you are describing and what human qualities they might have. Then, use your imagination to bring those qualities to life in your writing.

These techniques can be used throughout your creative writing to engage your readers and keep them involved in the story. Descriptive elements like these can distinguish between a weaker creative writing and a stronger, more powerful one.

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